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      Analysis of Advantages and Disadvantages of Garden Machinery Industry Development
      Source: | Author:hfjiapeng | Publish time: 2017-07-10 | 766 Views | Share:
      In the Directory of Industrial Structure Adjustment Guidance (2011 edition) of the National Development and Reform Commission, urban landscape greening and ecological community construction are listed as encouragement industries; in the Directory of Industry Guidance for Foreign Investment (2011 Revision) (Order No. 12 of the National Development and Reform Commission), flower production and nursery base are listed as encouragement industries. The construction and operation of land and the manufacture and operation of new forestry machinery and equipment are listed as industries that encourage foreign investment. It shows that the construction of landscape greening and the development of landscape machinery have been attached great importance and strongly supported by the state.
      Favorable factors
          Policy support
          A. Policy Guidance of the National Development and Reform Commission
      In the Directory of Industrial Structure Adjustment Guidance (2011 edition) of the National Development and Reform Commission, urban landscape greening and ecological community construction are listed as encouragement industries; in the Directory of Industry Guidance for Foreign Investment (2011 Revision) (Order No. 12 of the National Development and Reform Commission), flower production and nursery base are listed as encouragement industries. The construction and operation of land and the manufacture and operation of new forestry machinery and equipment are listed as industries that encourage foreign investment. It shows that the construction of landscape greening and the development of landscape machinery have been attached great importance and strongly supported by the state.
          B. Regulations of the Ministry of Construction on Urban Greening Index
          The Regulations of Urban Greening Planning and Construction Indicators issued by the Ministry of Construction put forward clear requirements for the construction of various types of green space, such as the ratio of green space in newly built residential areas to the total land use in residential areas is not less than 30%, and the ratio of subsidiary green space to the total land use per unit is not less than 30%.
      The Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Healthy Development of Urban Landscape Greening Business put forward specific suggestions on strengthening the planning, design, construction and management of urban landscape greening. It is required that the construction of park green space should make residents see green at 300 meters and garden at 500 meters. The investment of maintenance and management funds should account for the total investment of local landscape greening construction in the previous year. Income of 7-10%, at the same time not less than the local garden greening maintenance and management quota standards.
           The above regulations improve the status of landscape greening construction in urban development, and ensure the development of landscape greening construction and landscape machinery.
           C. The Ministry of Construction initiated the activity of "Eco-garden City"
           To further promote the construction of urban ecological environment, implement the strategy of sustainable development, strive to create a beautiful, comfortable, healthy and convenient living environment for the broad masses of the people, and strive to build a resource-saving and environment-friendly society, the Ministry of Construction will proceed to promote the establishment of "life" on the basis of the establishment of "garden city". The "Eco-Garden City" campaign vigorously promotes the construction of national garden counties, national key parks, national urban wetland parks and national garden towns.
       
           A. Sustainable development of world economy promotes steady growth of market capacity of garden machinery industry
      According to the exchange rate method, the World Bank predicts that the world economy will grow by 3.2% in 2014, 0.8 percentage points faster than the previous year; the British Consensus Corporation predicts that the global economy will grow by 3.1% in 2014, 0.6 percentage points faster than the previous year. According to purchasing power parity, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) predicts that the world economy will grow by 3.7% in 2014, 0.7 percentage points faster than last year. With the sustained development of the world economy, the improvement of the living standards of residents and the popularization of horticultural activities, the demand for garden machinery products will continue to increase in the international market. According to the forecast of Flower Branch of China Food, Soil and Animal Import and Export Chamber of Commerce, the global horticultural market capacity will maintain an annual growth rate of about 21% in the next five years, and will reach 60.65 billion US dollars in 2015.
           Garden machinery as the largest proportion of garden products, market demand will also maintain a sustained and stable growth.
           B. Enlarging the Demand Space of Landscape Machinery Market in China's Urban Greening Construction
           With the full implementation of the scientific concept of development and the policy of building an environment-friendly society, as well as the continuous improvement of the living needs of Chinese residents, the level of urban greening in China has achieved remarkable results: the green coverage rate of built-up areas has increased from 35.1% in 2006 to 39.6% in 2012; and the area of urban green space has increased from 13.219 million hectares in 2004. By 2012, 23.6678 million hectares were 15.
           In the future, with the acceleration of urbanization and the improvement of urban greening level in China, the greening area of cities will continue to grow. The diversification of greening plant species and the complexity of terrain will increase the greening workload of greening departments and enterprises, and the investment funds for purchasing gardening machinery will be greatly increased, which will certainly stimulate the country. Needs space of inner gardening machinery industry.
       
           Owing to the need of reducing cost and expanding market, landscape machinery manufacturers in developed countries in Europe and America have shifted their production lines to China, established industrial bases in China or cooperated with Chinese enterprises through OEM and ODM. Advanced technologies such as new environmental protection materials, material forming technology and automatic control technology are brought into China with the transfer of production capacity, which improves the overall technical level and management level of domestic landscape machinery industry.
           Adverse factors
       
           The raw materials of garden machinery industry mainly include steel, aluminium and plastic products. In recent years, the prices of the above raw materials have risen in varying degrees, resulting in increased production costs of garden machinery products. Only enterprises with strong capital advantage, technological advantage and cost control ability can maintain relatively stable profitability level.
       
           Countries around the world pay more and more attention to environmental protection, and have improved the inspection standards for imported goods. In the future, the United States and the European Union will implement stricter standards for the gas emission of landscape machinery, which will make the export of landscape machinery products in China affected by green barriers.
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